[Buildroot] [PATCH 1/3] fs: apply permissions late

Arnout Vandecappelle arnout at mind.be
Wed Nov 7 23:43:11 UTC 2018



On 27/10/18 09:45, Yann E. MORIN wrote:
> The combination of fakeroot, tar, and capabilities is broken, because
> fakeroot currently badly handles capabilities, which are currently
> simply ignored.

 "simply ignored" can't be the case, otherwise it still wouldn't work after this
patch.

 I *think* the real problem is that fakeroot forgets to wrap the setxattrat and
lsetxattrat syscalls, and these are the ones that are used by tar.

> As described in #11216, asking tar to explicitly store and restore
> capabilities ends up with a failling build, when tar actually tries to
> restore the capabilities. Adding support for capabilities to fakeroot
> (by adding host-libcap as dependency) does not fix the problem.

 Just to be clear: with this patch, the 'tar' filesystem does still work because
the creation of the tarball works OK, it's just the extraction that goes wrong,
right?


> Capabilities are stored in the extended attribute security.capabilty.
> It turns out that tar does have special handling when extracting and
> restoring that extended attribute, and that fails miserably when running
> under fakeroot...
> 
> We fix that by offloading the permissions handling down to individual
> filesystems.
> 
> This needs a split of the makedevs call, with the current and first one
> now only responsible for creating the pseudo devices, while the new,
> second call does only set the permissions.

 Why? Is that just to reduce the impact on post-fakeroot scripts?

 I'd rather move the entire makedevs call to the per-filesystem phase.

> 
> Fixes: #11216
> 
> This changes the order of steps, and post-fakeroot scripts are now
> called before the permissions are set. This could mean breaking existing
> setups, but more probably, this woudl sovle some, where files created in
> post-fakeroot scripts can now see their permissions appropriately set.

 Since extracting xattrs doesn't work correctly, this is not true. And normally
in a post-fakeroot script, you would do any permission setting in the script
itself and not use the permissions table. So I think this statement is utterly
wrong. That said, I doubt that post-build scripts would be affected by the
permissions tables anyway.


> This also slightly breaks the idea behind the intermediate image, which
> was supposed to gather all actions common to all filesystems, so that
> they are not repeated. Still, most actions are still created only once,
> and moving just this is purely a practical and pragmatic workaround.

 Still, I'd prefer to fix fakeroot :-)

> 
> Signed-off-by: "Yann E. MORIN" <yann.morin.1998 at free.fr>
> Cc: Ricardo Martincoski <ricardo.martincoski at gmail.com>
> Cc: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni at bootlin.com>
> Cc: Matthew Weber <matthew.weber at rockwellcollins.com>
> ---
>  fs/common.mk | 17 +++++++++++------
>  1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/common.mk b/fs/common.mk
> index 453da6010a..569e5d60c5 100644
> --- a/fs/common.mk
> +++ b/fs/common.mk
> @@ -29,8 +29,8 @@
>  
>  FS_DIR = $(BUILD_DIR)/buildroot-fs
>  FULL_DEVICE_TABLE = $(FS_DIR)/device_table.txt
> -ROOTFS_DEVICE_TABLES = $(call qstrip,$(BR2_ROOTFS_DEVICE_TABLE) \
> -	$(BR2_ROOTFS_STATIC_DEVICE_TABLE))
> +ROOTFS_PERMISSION_TABLES = $(call qstrip,$(BR2_ROOTFS_DEVICE_TABLE))
> +ROOTFS_STATIC_DEVICE_TABLES = $(call qstrip,$(BR2_ROOTFS_STATIC_DEVICE_TABLE))
>  USERS_TABLE = $(FS_DIR)/users_table.txt
>  ROOTFS_USERS_TABLES = $(call qstrip,$(BR2_ROOTFS_USERS_TABLES))
>  
> @@ -81,14 +81,13 @@ ifneq ($(ROOTFS_USERS_TABLES),)
>  	cat $(ROOTFS_USERS_TABLES) >> $(USERS_TABLE)
>  endif
>  	PATH=$(BR_PATH) $(TOPDIR)/support/scripts/mkusers $(USERS_TABLE) $(TARGET_DIR) >> $(FAKEROOT_SCRIPT)
> -ifneq ($(ROOTFS_DEVICE_TABLES),)
> -	cat $(ROOTFS_DEVICE_TABLES) > $(FULL_DEVICE_TABLE)
> +ifneq ($(ROOTFS_STATIC_DEVICE_TABLES),)
> +	cat $(ROOTFS_STATIC_DEVICE_TABLES) > $(FULL_DEVICE_TABLE)
>  ifeq ($(BR2_ROOTFS_DEVICE_CREATION_STATIC),y)
>  	$(call PRINTF,$(PACKAGES_DEVICES_TABLE)) >> $(FULL_DEVICE_TABLE)
>  endif
> -endif
> -	$(call PRINTF,$(PACKAGES_PERMISSIONS_TABLE)) >> $(FULL_DEVICE_TABLE)
>  	echo "$(HOST_DIR)/bin/makedevs -d $(FULL_DEVICE_TABLE) $(TARGET_DIR)" >> $(FAKEROOT_SCRIPT)
> +endif
>  	$(foreach s,$(call qstrip,$(BR2_ROOTFS_POST_FAKEROOT_SCRIPT)),\
>  		echo "echo '$(TERM_BOLD)>>>   Executing fakeroot script $(s)$(TERM_RESET)'" >> $(FAKEROOT_SCRIPT); \
>  		echo $(EXTRA_ENV) $(s) $(TARGET_DIR) $(BR2_ROOTFS_POST_SCRIPT_ARGS) >> $(FAKEROOT_SCRIPT)$(sep))
> @@ -108,6 +107,7 @@ define inner-rootfs
>  
>  ROOTFS_$(2)_DIR = $$(FS_DIR)/$(1)
>  ROOTFS_$(2)_TARGET_DIR = $$(ROOTFS_$(2)_DIR)/target
> +ROOTFS_$(2)_PERMISSION_TABLE = $$(ROOTFS_$(2)_DIR)/permissions.txt

 BTW I agree with Thomas that it's better to create this file only once and only
do the makedevs call in the per-filesystem stage.

 Regards,
 Arnout


>  
>  ROOTFS_$(2)_DEPENDENCIES += rootfs-common
>  
> @@ -149,6 +149,11 @@ $$(BINARIES_DIR)/rootfs.$(1): $$(ROOTFS_$(2)_DEPENDENCIES)
>  	echo '#!/bin/sh' > $$(FAKEROOT_SCRIPT)
>  	echo "set -e" >> $$(FAKEROOT_SCRIPT)
>  	$$(call PRINTF,$$(ROOTFS_COMMON_UNTAR_CMD)) >> $$(FAKEROOT_SCRIPT)
> +ifneq ($$(ROOTFS_PERMISSION_TABLES),)
> +	cat $$(ROOTFS_PERMISSION_TABLES) > $$(ROOTFS_$(2)_PERMISSION_TABLE)
> +endif
> +	$$(call PRINTF,$$(PACKAGES_PERMISSIONS_TABLE)) >> $$(ROOTFS_$(2)_PERMISSION_TABLE)
> +	echo "$$(HOST_DIR)/bin/makedevs -d $$(ROOTFS_$(2)_PERMISSION_TABLE) $$(TARGET_DIR)" >> $$(FAKEROOT_SCRIPT)
>  	$$(foreach hook,$$(ROOTFS_$(2)_PRE_GEN_HOOKS),\
>  		$$(call PRINTF,$$($$(hook))) >> $$(FAKEROOT_SCRIPT)$$(sep))
>  	$$(call PRINTF,$$(ROOTFS_REPRODUCIBLE)) >> $$(FAKEROOT_SCRIPT)
> 



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