[Buildroot] [PATCHv4 4/5] docs/manual: add explanations about BR2_EXTERNAL

Yann E. MORIN yann.morin.1998 at free.fr
Sat Nov 30 22:59:46 UTC 2013


Thomas, All,

On 2013-11-29 20:00 +0100, Thomas Petazzoni spake thusly:
> This commit updates the manual to add details on how to use the
> BR2_EXTERNAL feature.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni at free-electrons.com>
> ---
>  docs/manual/customize-outside-br.txt | 132 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  docs/manual/customize.txt            |   2 +
>  2 files changed, 134 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 docs/manual/customize-outside-br.txt
> 
> diff --git a/docs/manual/customize-outside-br.txt b/docs/manual/customize-outside-br.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..623a421
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/docs/manual/customize-outside-br.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,132 @@
> +// -*- mode:doc -*- ;
> +
> +[[outside-br-custom]]
> +Keeping customization outside Buildroot
> +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> +
> +While the Buildroot community recommends and encourages upstreaming to
> +the official Buildroot version the packages and boards support that
> +are written by developers, it is sometimes not possible or desirable,
> +due to these packages or boards being highly specific or proprietary.

s/due to/because/

> +
> +In this case, Buildroot users are offered two choices:
> +
> + * They can add their packages, board support and configuration files
> +   directly within the Buildroot tree, and maintain them by using
> +   branches in a version control system.
> +
> + * They can use the +BR2_EXTERNAL+ mechanism, which allows to keep
> +   package recipes, board support and configuration files outside of
> +   the Buildroot tree, while still having them nicely integrated in
> +   the build logic. The following paragraphs give details on how to
> +   use +BR2_EXTERNAL+.
> +
> ++BR2_EXTERNAL+ is an environment variable that one can use to point to
> +a directory that contains Buildroot customizations. It can be passed
> +to any Buildroot +make+ invocation, and when it is passed. It is
                                           ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  

Uh? That sentence does not make sense. What about:

It can be passed to any Buildroot +make+ invocation, and is
automatically saved in [...]

> +automatically saved in the hidden +.br-external+ file in the output
> +directory, so that it is not needed to pass +BR2_EXTERNAL+ at every
> ++make+ invocation. It can however be changed at any time by specifying
> +a new value, and can be removed by passing an empty value.

I'd start a new paragraph here, sionce we've switched to another topic.

> The
> ++BR2_EXTERNAL+ path can be either an absolute or a relative path, but
> +if it's passed as a relative path, it is important to note that it is
> +interpreted relatively to the main Buildroot source directory, not the
> +Buildroot output directory.
> +
> +Some examples:
> +
> +-----
> + buildroot/ $ make BR2_EXTERNAL=../foobar menuconfig
> +-----
> +
> +Starting from now on, external definitions fromt he +../company+
                                                 ^^^^
Typo

> +directory will be used:
> +
> +-----
> + buildroot/ $ make
> + buildroot/ $ make legal-info
> +-----
> +
> +We can switch to another external definitions directory at any time:
> +
> +-----
> + buildroot/ $ make BR2_EXTERNAL=../barfoo xconfig
> +-----
> +
> +Or disable the usage of external definitions:
> +
> +-----
> + buildroot/ $ make BR2_EXTERNAL= xconfig
> +-----
> +
> +This +BR2_EXTERNAL+ then allows three different things:
> +
> + * One can store all the board-specific configuration files here, such
                                                               ^^^^
there

> +   as the kernel configuration, the root filesystem overlay, or any
> +   other configuration file for which Buildroot allows to set its
> +   location. The +BR2_EXTERNAL+ value is available within the
> +   Buildroot configuration using +$(BR2_EXTERNAL)+. As an example, one
> +   could set the +BR2_ROOTFS_OVERLAY+ Buildroot option to
> +   +$(BR2_EXTERNAL)/board/<boardname>/overlay/+ (to specify a root
> +   filesystem overlay), or the +BR2_LINUX_KERNEL_CUSTOM_CONFIG_FILE+
> +   Buildroot option to +$(BR2_EXTERNAL)/board/<boardname>/kernel.config+
> +   (to specify the location of the kernel configuration file).  + To
                                                                  ^^^
Typo

> +   achieve this, it is recommended but not mandatory, to store those
> +   details in directories called +board/<boardname>/+ under
> +   +BR2_EXTERNAL+.
> +
> + * One can store package recipes (i.e +Config.in+ and
> +   +<packagename>.mk+), or even custom configuration options and make
> +   logic. Buildroot automatically includes +BR2_EXTERNAL/Config.in+ to
> +   make it appear in the top-level configuration menu, and includes
> +   +BR2_EXTERNAL/external.mk+ with the rest of the makefile logic.
> ++
> +The main usage of this is to store package recipes. The recommended
> +   way to do this is to write a +BR2_EXTERNAL/Config.in+ that looks
> +   like:
> ++
> +------
> +menu "<somecompany> packages"
> +
> +source "$BR2_EXTERNAL/package/package1/Config.in"
> +source "$BR2_EXTERNAL/package/package2/Config.in"
> +
> +endmenu
> +------
> ++
> +Then, have a +BR2_EXTERNAL/external.mk' file that looks like:
> ++
> +------
> +include $(sort $(wildcard $(BR2_EXTERNAL)/package/*/*.mk))
> +------
> ++
> +And then in +BR2_EXTERNAL/package/package1+ and
> +   +BR2_EXTERNAL/package/package2+ create normal Buildroot package
> +   recipes, as explained in xref:adding-packages[].
> +
> + * One can store Buildroot defconfigs in the +configs+ subdirectory of
> +   +BR2_EXTERNAL+. Buildroot will automatically show them in the
> +   output of +make help+ and allow them to be loaded with the normal
> +   +make <name>_defconfig+ command.
> +
> +In the end, a typical +BR2_EXTERNAL+ directory organization would
> +generally be:
> +
> +-----
> +├── Config.in
> +├── external.mk
> +├── board/
> +│   └── <boardname>/
> +│       └── overlay/
> +│           └── etc/
> +│               └── <some file>
> +├── configs/
> +│   └── <boardname>_defconfig
> +└── package/
> +    └── package1/
> +        ├── Config.in
> +        └── package1.mk
> +    └── package2/

Missing symbols in the tree structure.

Regards,
Yann E. MORIN.

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