[Buildroot] [git commit] Infrastructure to warn the user about missing 32 bits libraries

Peter Korsgaard jacmet at sunsite.dk
Sun Jan 6 20:35:47 UTC 2013

commit: http://git.buildroot.net/buildroot/commit/?id=70d6037e8a47f7a199345f60790bd5d1618e8207
branch: http://git.buildroot.net/buildroot/commit/?id=refs/heads/master

Many users trying to use external toolchains on x86-64 machines get a
very confusing message:

  "Can't execute cross-compiler"

They get this message because they forgot to install the 32 bits
compatibility libraries that are needed to run binaries compiled for
x86 on x86-64 machines.

Since this is the case for both external toolchains and certain
binary-only tools like SAM-BA, we add a new Kconfig option
BR2_HOSTARCH_NEEDS_IA32_LIBS, that packages must select if they need
the 32 bits compatibility libraries. When this option is enabled,
dependencies.sh checks that the 32 bits dynamic library loader is
present on the system, and if not, it stops and shows an error.

The path and name of the 32 bits dynamic loader is hardcoded because
it is very unlikely to change, as it would break the ABI for all

Also, it is worth noting that the check will be done even if we're
running on a 32 bits machine. This is harmless, as 32 bits machines
necessarily have the 32 bits dynamic loader installed, so the error
will never show up in this case.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni at free-electrons.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Korsgaard <jacmet at sunsite.dk>
 Config.in                            |    6 ++++++
 support/dependencies/dependencies.sh |   12 ++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Config.in b/Config.in
index b319ac7..af77a83 100644
--- a/Config.in
+++ b/Config.in
@@ -14,6 +14,12 @@ config BR2_HOSTARCH
 	option env="HOSTARCH"
+# Hidden boolean selected by pre-built packages for x86, when they
+# need to run on x86-64 machines (example: pre-built external
+# toolchains, binary tools like SAM-BA, etc.).
+	bool
 source "arch/Config.in"
 menu "Build options"
diff --git a/support/dependencies/dependencies.sh b/support/dependencies/dependencies.sh
index eb5a481..ca58450 100755
--- a/support/dependencies/dependencies.sh
+++ b/support/dependencies/dependencies.sh
@@ -175,3 +175,15 @@ if grep -E '^BR2_TARGET_GENERIC_ROOT_PASSWD=".+"$' $CONFIG_FILE > /dev/null 2>&1
         exit 1
+if grep -q ^BR2_HOSTARCH_NEEDS_IA32_LIBS=y $CONFIG_FILE ; then
+    if test ! -f /lib/ld-linux.so.2 ; then
+	/bin/echo -e "\nYour Buildroot configuration uses pre-built tools for the x86 architecture,"
+	/bin/echo -e "but your build machine uses the x86-64 architecture without the 32 bits compatibility"
+	/bin/echo -e "library."
+	/bin/echo -e "If you're running a Debian/Ubuntu distribution, install the libc:i386 package."
+	/bin/echo -e "For other distributions, refer to the documentation on how to install the 32 bits"
+	/bin/echo -e "compatibility libraries."
+	exit 1
+    fi

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